Facts on Mental Health

I hope this post spreads awareness on mental health issues fro at least on person.

Keep reading to learn more about Suicide, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Eating Disorders,  and Depression/ Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

Suicide:

Suicide by definition is, “the act or an instance of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally”.

Suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death among youth 10-14.

More teens and young adults die from suicide than cancer, heart disease, AIDs, birth defects, stroke, pneumonia, influenza, and chronic lung disease combined.

On average, there are 5,400 suicide attempts among those in 7-12 grade.

4/5 teens attempt to take their life giving clear warning signs beforehand.

One person dies from suicide every 40 seconds.

800,000 people die from suicide each year.

Suicide is the 20th leading cause of death  in the United States. It;s the 2nd leading cause of death among those who are 15-24, and 3rd leading cause of death among those who are 10-14.

In 2015, CDC reported that 15.5% of teens seriously considered suicide.

See picture under Depression and MDD for more information.

Warning Signs:

-Threats or comments of killing themselves

-Increased drug/alcohol use

-Aggression

-Social Isolation

-Extreme mood swings

-Impulsive actions

Extreme Warning Signs:

-GIving away possions

-Saying goodbye

-Mood shifts from despair to calmness

Risk Factors:

-History of family suicides

-Substance abuse and intoxication

-Access to firearms

-Chronic medical illness(es)

-Trauma or history of abuse

-Continual or long periods of stress

-Isolation

-Age

-Gender

-Recent loss or tragedy

-Agitation and sleep deprivation

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD):

By definition, “Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, images, and sensations (obsessions) and engage in behaviors or mental acts in response to these thoughts or obsessions.Often the person carries out the behaviors to reduce the impact or get rid of the obsessive thoughts, but this only brings temporary relief. Not performing the obsessive rituals can cause great anxiety. A person’s level of OCD can be anywhere from mild to severe, but if left untreated, it can limit his or her ability to function at work or school or even to lead a comfortable existence at home or around others.”

-1/3 of adults with OCD developed it as a child or adolesence

-More than 1/100 people have OCD world wide

-2.2, or 1% of the US population have this illness

-Symptoms interfere with daily life tasks and normally last longer than one hour a day when combined

-If a sibling or parent has OCD, there is almost a 25% chance that a immediate family member will also have it

Characterized by Obsessions and Compulsions

Obsession are irrational, and intrusive thoughts that happen repeatedly. People with OCD recognize the thoughts as irrational but the brain cannot fully process it like a “normal” brain would.

Examples of obsessions are… thoughts that you will or have harmed someone, doubts about locking a door or turning a compliance off, unwanted sexual images, and other fears.

Compulsions are repeated actions that temporarily relieve the anxiety caused by the obsessions, however those who have the illness get stuck in a cycle of thought- action- relief- thought-action-relief and so on…

Examples of Compulsions are… hand washing, counting and recounting, checking to see if a door is lock or if an appliance like an oven is turned off, and “mental checking” such as making list or others things.

To be diagnosed you must…

-have both obsessions and compulsions

-have obsessions/compulsions that cause distress and interfere with daily activities, relationships, and life

Causes:

There is not yet a single determined cause but it is suspected to do with how certain areas of the brain responds to serotonin and genetics.1A0A05A3-F945-4725-92EE-E3582E5B2D5487B62BD7-0986-4E23-B806-EB9AD5629676

Eating Disorders:

The following information is found on the following webiste:

https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/what-are-eating-disorders

The definition of an eating disorder is: “any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits”.

Anyone can develop an eating disorder despite gender, age, race, ethnicity, culture, size, socioeconomic status, or sexual orientation.

They are bio-psycho-social diseases, not fads, phases, or lifestyle choices.

-30 million Americans are affected by and eating disorder

-1/5 of women have an eating disorder or disordered eating

-42%of 1-3 grade girls want to be skinnier

-25% of men and 45% of womens are on a diet at any given time

-81% of 10 year olds are afraid of being fat

-Middle aged women are the fastest growing population being diagnosed with eating disorders

-Eating Disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness

Warning Signs:

Preoccupation with weight, food, calories, exercise, dieting, and body-image

Development of abnormal, secretive, extreme, or ritualized food or eating habits

Withdrawal and isolation from usual friends and activities

Evidence of behaviors such as large amounts of food being gone, frequent trips to the bathroom after meals, self-induced vomiting, and periods of fasting or laxative, diet pill, or diuretic abuse.

Compulsive/obsessive exercise

Discoloration or staining of teeth

Feelings of isolation, depression, anxiety, /and or irritability

Anorexia Nervosa:

Characterized by self starvation and excessive weight loss

Symptoms:

-Inadequate food intake resulting in significant weight loss

-Intense fear of weight gain, as well as obsessions with size and persistent behaviors to prevent weight gain

-Disturbance  in self-imae

-Denial of seriously low body weight

Health Consequences include heart failure, osteoporosis. muscle loss, and excessive hair growth on body called laungo (which is due to low body temperature and the body trying to keep warm)

Bulimia Nervosa:

Characterized by a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, in an attempt to counteract the effects of binge eating.

Symptoms:

-Regular intake of large amounts of food accompanied by a sense of loss of control over eating behavior

-Use of inappropriate compensatory behaviors such as vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, fasting, and/or obsessive or compulsive exercise

-Extreme concern with body weight and shape

Health consequences include heart failure, tooth decay, gastric rupture, rupture of the esophagus and pancreatitis.

Binge Eating Disorder:

Characterized by recurrent binge eating without the regular use of compensatory behaviors.

Symptoms:

-Frequent episodes of eating large amounts of food in short periods of time

-Feeling out of control during the binge

-Afterwards, experiencing shame, guilt, and distress

Health consequences are heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gastric rupture, and gallbladder disease

Other Specified Feeding Or Eating Disorder:

A feeding or eating disorder that causes significant distress or impairment but does not meet the criteria for another feeding or eating disorder.

Eating disorders come in many, many forms and OSFED is no less severe than any other Eating Disorder.

Examples:

Atypical Anorexia Nervosa

-weight is not below “normal”

Bulimia Nervosa

-with less frequent behaviors

Binge eating disorder

-with less frequent occurances

Purging Disoder

-purging without Binge eating

Night Time Syndrome

-excessive nighttime food consumption

Depression and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD):

As stated by the American Psychiatric Association, “Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.”

Leading cause of disability for ages 15-44

Almost 7% of the population- or 16 million Americans, have had at least one major depressive episode in the past year.

Symptoms:

-Changes in sleep and/or appetite

-Lack of concentration

-Loss of energy

-Lack of interest in activities that were interesting prior

-Hopelessness or guilty thoughts

-Changes in movement such as less activity or agitation

-Physical aches or pains

-Suicidal thoughts

Causes:

-Trauma

-Genetics

-Life circumastances

-Brain changes

-Co-occurring medical conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety, ADHD, sleep disruptions, etc

-Drug and alcohol abuse

More information can be found at:

https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/depression/what-is-depression

Other Pictures:

Image result for nami ocdworkplace mental health


Resources:

http://emilyprogramfoundation.org/our-work/eating-disorders/stats-about-eating-disorders/

https://adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics#

http://gamapserver.who.int/mapLibrary/Files/Maps/Global_AS_suicide_rates_bothsexes_2015.png?ua=1

http://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/e

https://americanspcc.org/teen-suicide-facts/?gclid=Cj0KCQiAwp_UBRD7ARIsAMie3Xb0z5ahOKwIm

https://www.nami.org/NAMI/media/NAMI-Media/Infographics/Children-MH-Facts-NAMI.pdf

https://www.nami.org/NAMI/media/NAMI-Media/Infographics/GeneralMHFacts.pdf

http://www.seattlechildrens.org/videos/childrens-mental-health/?gclid=Cj0KCQiAwp_UBRD7ARIsAMie3XYwqRl96uoZXOeT1cIxVzTxx4aUDQ4_inkuAKj-wL2vvTV4v3eEIYAaAhkHEALw_wcB

http://www.mhagcusa.org/?gclid=Cj0KCQiAwp_UBRD7ARIsAMie3Xbu15FR4q1UYaOxUBDAk2TjDSPcVpXsXzdx3QYT2buJ4KLIuOhs5tUaArHqEALw_wcB

https://mhaofnyc.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/What-We-Know-About-MH_MHA2017.pdf

https://worldmercuryproject.org/news/twin-epidemics-among-our-teens/?gclid=Cj0KCQiAwp_UBRD7ARIsAMie3XaZt3dnn-PX5FWfnoo8lNGftY8MLip9et7pPHDg20jdfX_gmHWbu54aAs2jEALw_wcB

https://nndc.org/the-facts/?gclid=CjwKCAjwnLjVBRAdEiwAKSGPI4DB8GokCI37cFAME7K_trq1MN11Z6QBlo1sWfk74TddRNPOk274IBoCjfEQAvD_Bw

https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/what-are-eating-disorders

https://www.nami.org/

https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s